Beshir tribe is one of several subdivisions of the Ersari group of Turkoman people, who inhabit the Amu Darya Valley in Turkmenistan and parts of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan. While Turkoman tribes came into this region as early as the 11th century A.D., the Beshir were part of a later group who came into the Amu Darya region in the 17th century after being forced out of their homeland in the Balkans by political turmoil.
Because their origin is separate from other peoples in the Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan area, the rugs they manufacture have a distinct style.
Felkersham asserts that Bashir rug weaving started in 1870.
Beshir rugs usually have very high quality shiny wool with deep colours. The foundation is usually wool, though some of the Afghan Beshir use a mixture of wool and goat’s hair. In contrast to other Turkoman groups, the Beshir do not use guls (tribal emblems) as the basis of their designs. Instead, Beshir rugs feature all-over repeating patterns with images taken from nature, such as leaves, vines and sometimes animals.
Beshir rugs are also distinct in coloring. While Turkoman rugs generally are dominated by deep reds and blues, Beshir rugs often place these shades alongside lighter, happier colors.