Learn more about antique oriental rugs and get familiar with the different parts of a carpet.
Parts of a Carpet
- Warp – The warp are strands of wool, cotton or silk fibres. They are attached to the loom from top to bottom, or in a vertical manner. It is used as the main backbone of the carpet. The ends of the warp end up being the fringes once the rug is woven.
- Pile – The pile is the surface of the carpet that you see. It is a group of knots that are woven 0nto the warp. For more information about knots per square inch or kpsi click here.
- Weft – Only visible from the backside of the ruin some weaves, the weft is made up of strands that are interlaced with the warp horizontally. They are typically of the same material as the warp and are threaded in and out of the warp after each row of knots have been woven.
- Edge bindings or edge finish – To reinforce the edges, they are covered with either an overcast, a simple running stitch, or a selvaged, which uses a woven band.
- Knots – Knots are the loops made around the warp during weaving.
- Fringes – The warp strings at the end of the rug are knotted together in bundles after it has been cut off from the loom. The knots in the fringes are actually useful as they keep the knots and end finishes from going loose at the ends of the rug.
If you have more questions about the parts of a carpet, carpet cleaning or how to buy antique rugs, visit us today at Sharafi & Co.