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Our Antique Persian rugs and bespoke hand woven carpets located within walking distance of Acton East Station. All retail sales are done online. You can make use of our Home Service
Our Location:
First Floor, Unit 9
Park Royal Oriental Carpet Centre
1 Chandos Road London
United kingdom
NW10 6NF

Contact Info:
Tel: +44 (0) 20 8735 0701

Opening Hours:
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    Rug Knowlege. What is a Rug

    Rug Knowlege. What is a Rug
    November 13, 2015 Sharafi
    warp 300x199 1

    How is a handmade carpet made and what are the different elements. Rug knowledge helps the appreciation of these floor coverings.
    Parts of a Carpet

    Warp – The warp are strands of wool, cotton or silk fibres. They are attached to the loom from top to bottom, or in a vertical manner. It is used as the main backbone of the carpet. The ends of the warp end up being the fringes once the rug is woven.

    Warp| Sharafi & Co

    Pile – The pile is the surface of the carpet that you see. It is a group of knots, hence hand knotted rug, that is woven onto the warp. For more information about knots per square inch or kpsi, click here. Each area has its weaving technique and characteristics of knotting.

    Pile| Sharafi & Co

    Weft – sometimes visible from the back, depending on the type of weaving, the weft is made up of strands that are interlaced with the warp horizontally. They are typically of the same material as the warp and are threaded in and out of the warp after each row of knots has been woven.

    Warp weft knot

    Edge bindings or selvedge – To reinforce the edges, they are covered with either an overcast, a simple running stitch, or a selvedge, which uses a woven band. They protect the rug from unravelling. It is important that selvedges are repaired as soon as they are damaged. Otherwise, a relatively inexpensive repair can turn into rather a more costly one.


    Knots – Knots are the loops made around the warp during weaving.

    Fringes – The warp strings at the end of the rug are knotted together in bundles after it has been cut off from the loom. Sometimes a stop is put at the end, which has the same effect. The knots in the fringes are useful as they keep the knots and end finishes from going loose at the ends of the rug. They should be repaired as soon as damaged to stop incurring further costly repairs.



    If you have more questions about your carpet, carpet cleaning or how to buy antique rugs, visit us today at Sharafi & Co.