Close this search box.

What Is a Kilim


Kilim is a Turkish word which basically means a pileless rug or a flatweave.

Kilims are made from interlocking warp and weft threads rather than knotting.


Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.47.10


Warp: They run North to South. The parallel threads which make the entire length of the rug and provide the base for the knots to be tied.

Weft: They run East to West and makes the width of the rug. They are inserted between two rows of the knots.

Knot: This term is used for a piece of strand which is wrapped around two warps and then cut to form a pile.

Overcasting: A simple yarn that is wrapped around the edges for the entire length of the hand woven rug.

Fringe: The visible continuation of warps at both the loose ends of the Rugs

Different kinds of Kilim Weaving

1.Slit Weaving:  The color of the weft changes from a different wrap and,  thus there is no interconnection between different colors and it makes a little slit between the different colors vertically.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.47.26
                                 Slit Weaving

2.Dovetailing: In this type of weave the end wrap from where the color is supposed to be changed is shared by both the color of the wefts as shown in the image and this prevents the vertical slit.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.47.38

3.Staggered Dovetailing: It is suitable for the long joins because joins do not  form a ridge and are stronger than simple dovetailing. Here three wraps are used as shown in the following image and so the distance between the rows is reduced.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.47.50
                         Staggered Dovetailing

4.Single Interlinking: To avoid a slit the threads are interlinked as shown in the image but it is necessary to pull them right. If pulled too tight the wraps will be pulled in while if they are loose, the rug will look very messed up and bulky.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.47.56
                           Single Interlinking

5.Curves: Draw the curves on the wraps and then use any of the above techniques to wrap the weft around the wraps according to the drawing.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.48.04

6.Soumak Weave: This technique of making a Soumak rug uses the certain  number of wraps for wrapping the wefts around and then drawn half the number wrafts back. Usually 4 warps are used but some soumak rugs use 2 also. See the illustration for more clarification.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.48.12
                              Soumak Weave

7.Basket Weave: Check the illustration. It is one of the simplest methods of weaving.

Screenshot 2023 01 19 at 15.48.20
                                Basket Weave

Kilims usually have simple, bold geometric designs.

                                                                                                                                                Persian Kilim Carpet 298x198cm

Kilims are usually all wool and sometimes with a cotton foundation.

They are usually cheaper than piled rugs because they are more straightforward and quicker to weave and take less material than piled rugs of the same size. Consequently, they are lighter than piled rugs and are sometimes used to cover the entrance of tents or the bedding when they are put away.


Dropbox Mehdi 13203 Afshar 234x147cmr
                                                                13203 Afshar 234x147cm

The flat nature of this textile makes it easier to clean than piled rugs.

Dropbox Mehdi 13180 Afshar 177x110r
                                                                   13180 Afshar 177x110r

They are affordable handmade floor coverings and great value for money. Ideal for introducing colour into a space.

Dropbox Mehdi 13136 Kelim 297x195cm 2r
                                                                     13136 Kelim 297x195cm

Kilims don’t have the shedding problem as some new piled rugs have.

You can choose the kilim of your choice from our Product Gallery

Please fill out the form below